Judo/Olympic sport disciplineEVENTS
- Women -57
- Women -70
- Women +70
- Men -73 kg
- Men -90 kg
- Men +90 kg
Give way to win
Judo competitions as part of the European Games will be held in Krynica-Zdroj Arena, and all events are scheduled for July 1. At stake will not only be the medals of the European Games, because the players will compete for Olympic qualifications, and the tournament will be a team European Championship.
A Japanese combat sport with a centuries-old tradition. Judo has its origins in ju-jitsu, an art of self-defense that dates back to the 17th century, but that history goes back even further, as ju-jitsu originated from sechie-zumo – wrestling during court parties nearly two thousand years ago.
The founder of judo is Jigoro Kano (1860-1938). As a youth, he trained in ju-jitsu and then began to develop new techniques, which was the beginning of judo. In 1882 he founded a martial arts school, and seven years later he went on a grand tour of Europe. It was the beginning of the great popularity of this sport. Even before the First World War, judo schools were established in, among others, in the United States, Great Britain, France, Canada, India and Russia.
The name judo can be translated as “the way to agility” or “the way of yielding”. Jigoro Kano removed from ju-jitsu all elements that could threaten health or life, and instead introduced new ones. The essence of judo is yielding. According to the creator of the discipline, a weaker opponent cannot defeat a rival by betting only on strength. “When instead of countering a stronger opponent with my strength, I give him enough to not lose balance, then the opponent, unprepared for such a maneuver, will lean forward and lose balance” – this is Kano’s motto.
Modern judo is a sport strictly defined by the rules derived from the old Japanese rules of hand-to-hand combat. It is a type of wrestling match that requires special clothing called “judogi”. Although it originated from the military art of fighting to the death, the use of judo for personal defense is now a secondary goal. General physical development, and only in the second place achieving effectiveness in competitions – these are the main goals of modern judo. The guiding goal, obtained through systematic exercises, put forward by the founder of judo – Jigoro Kano, is “self-improvement”.
Judo techniques can be divided into three main groups: throws (nage-waza), holds (katame-waza) and strikes (atemi-waza). In sport judo, only the first two groups are taught. There are also counterattacks and so-called throws. combinations – combinations of two or more single throws. Holds are divided into three subgroups – holding (osae-komi-waza), levers (kansetsu-waza) and choking (shime-waza).